Types of supports and preliminary checks:
The STIFERITE Class SK exterior insulation system can be installed on all building substrates with a good continuity and bearing capacity:
brick walls, blocks, panels or concrete walls, tuff, outdoor wood, etc.
A damage and support resilience inspection must be carried out particularly in restructuring cases and, should this require a recovery,
a primer must be laid or the substructure must be roughened.
The following conditions must always be verified by expert installers:
- the surface must be leveled and not show excessive unevenness
- the surface must be clean from any dust and residues
- the support should not be overly absorbent
- the surface must be dry
- the support must show no permanent rising damp phenomena.
Cutting the panels:
The STIFERITE Class SK panels can be cut or trimmed with a cutting tool blade (hacksaw rigid blade, circular saws), but cannot be cut by hot wire.
Laying and fastening the STIFERITE Class SK panels:
The STIFERITE Class SK panels must be laid in horizontal rows, from the bottom upwards, with half-bond patterns. The heads of the panels must be alternated in the corners.
The panels must be perfectly matched and there should be no gaps greater than 2 mm. Should these be present, they must be sealed with strips of insulating material or filled with single-component polyurethane foam.
After careful installation, the surface of the panels must be leveled. Otherwise, any irregularities of the panels’ surface must be smoothed with abrasive paper. The possible abrasion may remove areas not exceeding 30 cm. The dust produced by the sanding operation must be taken away.
The polyurethane foam on the edges of the panels not protected by the coating tends to turn yellow due to UV rays: the powdery substance produced (yellowish) must be completely removed by sanding and brushing before applying the base-coat.
Fixing with Dowels:
The STIFERITE Class SK exterior thermal insulation system envisages the fixing with dowels of the panels and may only be carried out after the glue has completely
hardened (at least 48 hours).
The anchors must comply with ETAG 014 requirements. The typology choice should be made by considering the substrate features (gravel, concrete, wood,...),
the plaster and possibly the putty and the flatness of the anchoring substructure in order that the fastening is appropriately resistant to tearing.
We recommend 60 mm diameter hammer, screw anchors or toggles for STIFERITE Class SK panels. The height, orientation and typical wind strength in the area
where the building is located defines the required amount of hardware with an anchor load of 0.2 or 0.15 kN (see Eurocode I).
Base-coat plaster and reinforcement:
The base-coat plaster is applied by hand or machine to the insulating layer in the thicknesses specified by the manufacturer and the stiffened fibre glass
mesh is inserted vertically from top to bottom, with an overlap between the sheets of at least 10 cm whilst avoiding the formation of any folds.
The mesh should be positioned in the centre or in the outer third of the base-coat plaster. The finishing coat is applied with the "wet on wet"
method in order to ensure the necessary coverage of the entire mesh.
The fibreglass mesh must be covered with at least a 1 mm layer of mortar, and of at least 0.5 mm in the mesh overlap areas.
Finishing coat plaster:
After the base coat plaster is hardened, in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions, and with the appropriate weather conditions, the finishing coat may be applied;
this must be laid over a base-coat where indicated by the system manufacturer's manual.